The sole difference between a lab-created diamond and a real diamond is its origin. A lab-created diamond is “produced” in a laboratory using cutting-edge technology that mimics the natural diamond growth process. As a consequence, a man-made diamond that is chemically, physically, and visually identical to diamonds formed beneath the Earth’s surface has been created.
It’s crucial to understand how mined diamonds are manufactured before discussing lab-created diamonds. The processes are quite similar, with the exception that one occurs spontaneously and the other in a laboratory.
Diamonds that have been mined Diamonds are thought to have originated deep beneath the Earth between 1 billion and 3 billion years ago, according to geologists. While scientists are unsure how those diamonds were formed, they believe the process begins with carbon dioxide buried 100 miles beneath the Earth’s surface.
The carbon dioxide is heated to a temperature of over 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit and compressed to a pressure of 727,000 pounds per square inch. The diamonds are then brought to the surface by deep volcanic eruptions from deep inside the Earth’s core.
That is why mined diamonds are very expensive.
Diamonds made in a laboratory High Pressure-High Temperature (HPHT) and Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) are the two methods used in laboratories to manufacture diamonds (CVD).
A belt press, a cubic press, or a split-sphere (BARS) press are the three production processes used to create HPHT diamonds. All of these processes generate a high-pressure, high-temperature environment that is favourable to diamond formation.
BENEFITS OF LAB-GROWN DIAMONDS
Cost-effective: Lab-created diamonds are often less expensive than mined diamonds. This does not, however, imply that a lab-created diamond is “cheap.” The capital expenses of lab-grown and mined diamonds are really rather similar.
So, why are diamonds made in a lab less expensive? When it comes to cutting, polishing, and inspection, mined diamonds and lab-created diamonds have the same costs. However, the expenses and methods are vastly different up until that point.
The supply chain for mined diamonds is extensive. Miners, wholesalers, cutters, polishers, jewellery manufacturers, and merchants are all needed to transform a diamond from its raw form to a retail-ready gemstone.
By avoiding the mining process, the supply chain for lab-created diamonds is substantially shorter. Simply explained, a lab-created diamond passes through fewer hands, resulting in a lower price.
Ethical: The mined diamond business came under fire a few years ago when unethical production procedures were revealed. These diamonds, dubbed “blood diamonds” or “conflict diamonds,” were used to support bloodshed and abuse workers and their families.
Environmentally conscious: Diamond mining, like the extraction of any other natural resource, has a substantial environmental impact. To be fair, diamond mining firms are fully aware of their impact and have taken measures to reduce their influence on the ecosystems in which they operate.
Lab-created diamonds, on the other hand, are intrinsically and significantly less harmful to the environment, as growing a diamond in a lab consumes far less energy than digging one out of the ground. In reality, it is in the farmers’ best interests to use as little energy as possible during the process in order to save money and cut costs.
That is why one can opt for lab-grown diamonds according to the taste and requirement of the buyer.
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