MODERN SURGICAL AND STORAGE TECHNIQUES AND THE ADVENT OF ANTI-REJECTION DRUGS

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Have made it possible to transplant tissues and organs successfully. modern surgical and storage techniques and the advent of anti-rejection drugs. In addition, organ donation after death can be a great and practical point of view for those who are not afraid to discuss this topic with their families. This choice can save many lives after the death of some people.

Many people have been waiting for years for certain organ transplants to become available. Many of these people (including children) will die without the donated organs. Dr. Q Khan provides the best nephrology physicians in the USA.  Therefore, information is needed on this subject. People should feel comfortable if they consider this option – especially in a tragic accident, the family should know the deceased’s decision regarding organ and tissue donation.

Article content

Overview

Useful information

Transplanted tissue bank

Bone and skin tissue

Heart valves

Cornea

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What kind of organs or tissues can be use for transplantation after death?

Tissues: bone, skin, heart valves.

Are there any restrictions on donation?

Yes, certain types of restrictions are taken into account. The most important factor to consider is the time between death and organ harvesting. Some organs, such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, and pancreas, can be damage quickly if not irrigated with blood. For this reason, these organs are only accepted for donation when, although the person has died, the ventilation equipment is still used to support life. Other factors take into account the physical condition of the organ or the medical history that may preclude the use of the organ for transplantation. Dr. Q Khan provides the best nephrology physicians in the USA.  There are also restrictions on the age of the tissue donor.

When are organs and tissues removed for transplantation?

The organs are not removed until the person has died. Suppose the person in question survives and is kept alive even by a car until he is considered brain dead (there is no chance of recovery, and the brain no longer performs any function without help). Doctors will perform various types of investigations to identify this situation accurately.

Will the removal of donated organs disfigure the body?

All donors will be treat with absolute respect. Organ harvesting procedures involve proper surgical techniques, and the wounds are suture, as with any surgery, and are not particularly visible. Beloved ones can see the deceased’s body without fear from this point of view.

What happens to the donor after their organs and tissues have been remove?

The family will follow the normal burial ritual.

Transplanted tissue bank

Although most transplanted organs must be recover and used very soon after the donor’s death, there are several types of tissues whose condition is not influence by the passage of time and can be donate when the person has died elsewhere than in the hospital. These include bone, skin, heart valves, and cornea. After extraction and processing, they can be stored under special conditions in a bank of transplant tissues even for several years.

Bone and skin tissue

Bone Tissue

A bone graft transplant may be need when a person has a bone tumor, and a bone type is affect, or a fracture fails to heal. These are usually more effective than artificial grafts. There are age restrictions for bone tissue donations as follows: for men, the deceased’s age must be between 18-65 years, and for women between 18-50 years. Bone tissue can also be donate at the time of hip replacement surgery in the case of osteoarthritis, for example, when it is thrown away anyway. Bone tissue is process and stored at -80 degrees Celsius and can remain frozen at this temperature for up to five years.

Skin

Tissue Skin tissue stored in specialized banks can save the lives of people suffering from severe burns. For many years, experts have grown skin tissue in laboratory conditions.

The skin is a means of protection, and even donated skin tissues can help heal a person’s burns, reduce the risk of infection, and your partner will feel more comfortable.

Age restrictions are 18-55 years for both men and women. The skin will be store in liquid nitrogen vapor at a temperature of -170 degrees Celsius and store for a maximum of five years.

Heart valves

They act as valves that direct blood flow in the right direction. Some people are born with these defective valves. In others, the damage can occur due to certain diseases. The result is the same: blood flow is difficult, so it is necessary to replace them.

Although artificial or animal-based valves are currently available, human valves that can come from transplantation have several advantages, including being more resistant to infection. In their case, there is the possibility of avoiding potentially dangerous drugs. Artificial valves can be quite noisy.

Heart valve transplantation repairs congenital disabilities in newborns who could die without surgery and replaces aortic valves in adult patients.

Age restrictions for heart valve donors apply to people over 55, both men and women.

The heart valves are store in liquid nitrogen vapor at a temperature of -170 degrees Celsius and can be store for a maximum of five years.

Cornea

The cornea is the glassy part of the eye that covers the iris (the colored part). Some diseases or accidents can cause their opacity and perforation. There is no artificial equivalent for replacing a sick or damage cornea. The transplanted cornea can help restore or improve the vision of many people.

As long as the donor is over 18 months old at the time of death, there is no upper age limit, in this case.

Organ trafficking

According to the World Health Organization’s Guiding Principles on Human Cells, Tissue, and Organ Transplantation Practice Guide, cells, tissues, and organs should only be donate voluntarily and without remuneration. Or another monetary reward. The purchase or offer for the sale of transplant cells, tissues, or organs should be prohibit. Payment for cells, tissues, and organs undermines altruistic donation and thus leads to speculation and trafficking in living beings.

 

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