What is Wound Care and Its Causes?


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Some minor injuries don’t require a medical practitioner, but they can get wound care at home with first aid. But they are more profound and severe wounds that warrant assistance from a medical professional. And this is crucial to prevent infections and help the wound heal properly. 

And before we proceed, let’s define what a wound is, so we can all be on the same page. 

What is a Wound? 

A wound is a type of disruption of the skin’s soft tissue construction and function. Typically, there are two types of wounds: An acute wound that exemplifies normal physiology. The healing may progress through the expected stages of wound healing. A chronic wound is a type of wound that is physiologically impaired. 

What To Expect From A Wound Treatment?

First, your doctor will assess your wound, and then he can recommend a wound treatment. But the first step is to clean your wound thoroughly to prevent infections. Then a dressing will follow.

In most cases, sterile saline is one of the safest and most effective products to clean the wound surface. But some studies have also indicated using unsterile tap water can also be safe to cleanse wounds. So, it is safe to know that it doesn’t increase the rate of infection. 

But it’s critical to remember that sterile saline expires after 24 hours of opening the bottle. So, you have to get rid of it after use. If you want to do wound care at homeyou can make a saline solution by adding two tablespoons of salt to 1 quart of boiling water. It’s an alternative to purchasing saline for the patient who wants to clean the wound at home. 

A health caregiver must ensure the wound bed is well- vascularized. Free of infection, devitalized, and moist for proper healing at the expected stages. One of the best ways to facilitate this process is to do wound dressing. It eliminates dead space, prevents bacterial overgrowth, and ensures proper fluid balance. Though all wounds develop with microbes, not all get the infection. 

Possible Diagnostics Tests 

  • Blood tests-it’s not everyone that gets a blood test, but only those with inflamed wounds.
  • Wound culture- it’s a critical assessment that helps determine if the wound has any virus or bacteria. 
  • MRI or X-ray-when a doctor finds it necessary to find out the severity of the wound

Types of Wound Treatment

Medical caregivers can offer different treatments depending on the type of wood to foster the healing process. Some of these include:

  • Debridement – This type of wound treatment involves the removal of dead tissue to expedite healing.
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy – This procedure uses air pressure to allow your blood to carry more oxygen, which helps heal.
  • Negative Pressure Therapy – This process draws fluid and improves blood flow from a vacuum that pulls-out air from a closed dressing. 

Wound Care

Though wound care at home is straightforward, chronic wound care may appear complex. But it’s easy to achieve healing in most patients by adhering to the following basic principles:

  • Wound inspection
  • Continuous reassessment
  • Debridement
  • Promotion of tissue substructure
  • Granulation tissue
  • Utilizing various closure techniques

And after managing the infection and vascular insufficiency, a neuropathic wound should heal promptly with good wound care. 

Debridement eliminates debilitated tissue and senescent cells, promoting healing through bleeding. By debriding, one transforms a chronic wound, healing it slowly into a healthier and more acute state. One critical step to remember when debriding is to remove all necrotic and nonviable tissue.

So, there might be some defects after the initial debridement. But that’s not something to worry the surgeon about, as removing such tissues is critical for closure. 

Wound Healing 

It’s a typical biological process achieved in the human body through four highly programmed phases:

  • Hemostasis
  • Inflammation
  • Proliferation
  • Remodeling

The four phases above must occur in the appropriate order and time frame for a wound to successfully heal. But various factors can interfere with one of these phases leading to improper or impaired wound healing. 

Factors Affecting Wound Healing

There are many of these factors. But, we shall only look at some of the significant ones likely to affect cutaneous wound healing. 

Oxygenation-if this is not restored in the wound, it impairs the healing. Oxygen is critical for cell metabolism and energy production via ATP for wound healing.   

Infection– it’s easier for micro-organisms at the skin surface to access the underlying tissues in the wound.

Age– increased age is a primary risk factor for impaired wound healing. 

Stress– can have a significant impact on human health, and that’s why many diseases such as cancer and diabetes can compromise wound healing.

Alcoholismas per clinical research and animal experiments, alcohol exposure impairs wound healing. It may also raise the risk of infection in the wound. 

Smoking: most people already know how smoking can increase heart and vascular disease dangers. That includes chronic lung disease and other cancers. Similarly, the effects of smoking can interfere with wound healing.

So, it’s vital to understand these factors’ influence on wound healing properly. And dealing with some of these may lead to therapeutics that can help improve the recovery and rectify the impaired wounds.

The wounds showing impaired hearing, which include chronic wounds, fail to progress in the typical phases of healing. Due to an uncoordinated healing process, postponed or incomplete wound healing. 

Interruptions or prolongation in the healing process can lead to delayed wound healing or a non-healing chronic wound.

People in the United States affected with non-healing wounds are about 3 to 6 million. And 65 years and above accounts for these events. These may be risky, including chronic wounds, ulcers associated with diabetes mellitus, ischemia, pressure, and venous stasis.

These wounds result in significant health care expenditures. The total cost estimate is over $3 billion per year. 

In Conclusion

several causes of chronic wounds include diabetes, edema, infection, and repeated wound site trauma. Wound treatment is crucial, regardless of a minor injury, and one must follow the proper procedure. Some people can treat the wound at home, which is alright. But if it requires a medical professional, you need to go to your nearest urgent care center. Use this guide to help you understand wound care and more.



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